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Raising a Child / Воспитывая ребенка
Read Воспитывая ребенка As chief researcher in the Department of Health in your city, you have been asked to write a manual for parents who are expecting their first child. The Department wants you to assume that the prospective parents know very little about raising a child; so you need to be as careful as possible in wording your instructions. You can give guidance based on what you have read or on your personal experience.

Consider
Give reasons for every answer.
Decide and Write Children (ages birth-12); answer with a short sentence:

1. What type of childbirth should the mother have (natural, under anesthesia)?
______________________________

2. Should the father help with the delivery?
______________________________

3. If the father does not help with the delivery, how soon after delivery should he see the baby?
______________________________

4. Should the mother nurse the child or use "formula" milk?
______________________________

5. How long should the baby continue nursing or using "formula" milk?
______________________________

6. How much sleep should the child receive a day?

Birth-2 years old: _______________
3-5 years old: _______________
6-8 years old: _______________
9-10 years old: _______________
11-12 years old: _______________

7. Should small children (ages 1-3) be put in a playpen or not?
______________________________

8. Should the mother work while the child is at the following ages?

Birth-2 years old: _______________
3-5 years old: _______________
6-8 years old: _______________
9-10 years old: _______________
11-12 years old: _______________

9. If the mother must work, should the child have a babysitter or go to a daycare center?
______________________________

10. At what age is it best to first take a child to a babysitter or day-care center?
______________________________

11.
A. By what age should a child be "toilet-trained"?
______________________________

B. How should the child be toilet-trained?
______________________________

12.
A. How should a child be disciplined for doing something that is very bad? (Different approaches include: reasoning, spanking, slapping, shouting, depriving the child of something he or she likes, sending the child to his or her room, sending the child outside.)

Birth-2 years old: _______________
3-5 years old: _______________
6-8 years old: _______________
9-10 years old: _______________
11-12 years old: _______________

B. Who (mother, father, both parents) should discipline the child?

female child: _______________
male child: _______________

13. How should you teach a child to be self-confident?
______________________________

14. How should you teach a child to be responsible and respect other people?
______________________________

15. What kinds of activities should you encourage the child to participate in when not in school?

female child: _______________
male child: _______________

16.
A. At what age (if at all) should a child be told about sex?
______________________________

B. Who should tell the child?

female child: _______________
male child: _______________

17. Is there any other important advice you should give the parents?
______________________________
Extend 1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having children?

2. What factors do you think go into forming a child’s personality?

3. Were your parents strict with you? How did they punish you? Will you use the same method with your children?

4. Do you think it is possible that some children "turn out bad" no matter what their parents do?

5. Working parents and divorced parents often say, "It is not the quantity of time you spend with your children but the quality of time that matters." Do you agree?
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