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The 10 Most Important People / 10 важнейших людей
Read 10 важнейших людей Incredible! A fleet of space ships has just landed on Earth. The space beings are friendly, and they would like to learn about Earth history. These space people believe they can understand Earth if they learn about its most important leaders. They want you to provide a list of the 10 most important people who have lived in the last 4000 years.

Consider

1. These 10 people may not necessarily be the most famous people in history. They should be chosen because of the impact they have had on human culture.

2. You must choose at least three people who are not on the following list.

3. Here is a list of possibilities:

Political and Military Leaders
Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.): Macedonian conqueror of much of the known world
Simon Bolivar (1783-1830): Venezuelan liberator of much of South America
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821): French conqueror of central Europe
Augustus Caesar (27 B.C.-14 A.D.): Roman Emperor at the height of the Roman Empire
Dwight Eisenhower (1890-1969): Allied Army Commander, World War II
Elizabeth Tudor (1553-1603): Queen of England during the age of colonization
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826): Writer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence
Jomo Kenyatta (1893-1978): African political leader
Genghis Khan (1167-1227): Mongolian conqueror of Asia and eastern Europe
Adolf Hitler (1889-1945): German dictator who started World War II
Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924): Founder of the USSR
Mao Tse-tung (1893-1976): Founder of the People’s Republic of China

Artists
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827): German composer
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564): Italian artist and sculptor
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973): Spanish initiator of modem art
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519): Italian painter, sculptor, scientist, inventor
Wolfgang A. Mozart (1756-1791): Austrian composer

Philosphers and Religionists
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.): Greek philosopher and scientist
Buddha (563-483 B.C.): Indian philosopher, founder of Buddhism
Confucius (559-471 B.C.): Chinese philosopher
Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1949): Indian philosopher
Jesus (1 A.D.-34 A.D.): Founder of Christianity
Moses (14th century B.C.): Jewish leader who received the 10 Commandments
Karl Marx (1818-1883): German philosopher
Mohammed (570-632): Arabic founder of Islam
Plato (427-347 B.C.): Greek philosopher
Lao-Tzu (604-531 B.C.): Chinese founder of Taoism

Scientists
Howard Aiken (1900-1973): U.S. mathematician who designed the first large computer
Niels Bohr (1885-1962): Danish physicist, developer of quantum theory
Marie Curie (1867-1935): Polish chemist, renowned for work on radium
Charles Darwin (1809-1882): British naturalist, developed theory of evolution
Albert Einstein (1879-1955): German-American, developer of theory of relativity
Alexander Fleming (1881-1955): British bacteriologist, discovered penicillin
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939): Austrian founder of psychoanalysis
Galileo (1564-1642): Italian astronomer, founder of the experimental method
Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.): Greek, called the "Father of Medicine"
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630): German discoverer of the laws of planetary motion
Al-Khwarizmi (780-850): Arabian mathematician who developed algebra
Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794): French founder of modern chemistry
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884): Austrian founder of genetics
Isaac Newton (1642-1727): British discoverer of the laws of motion and gravitation
Hideyo Noguchi (1876-1928): Japanese bacteriologist renowned in many areas
William Roentgen (1845-1923): German discoverer of x-rays
Abdullah Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (979-1037): Arabian physician who helped lay the basis of modem medicine

Businessmen
Henry Ford (1863-1947): American mass producer of cars
John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937): American who founded the first oil company
Sheikh Ahmed Yamani (?- ): Saudi, former leader of OPEC

Explorers
Christopher Columbus (1446-1506): Italian who traveled to America
Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521): Portuguese navigator, first to circumnavigate the world
Marco Polo (1254-1324): Italian who first journeyed to China

Inventors
Alexander G. Bell (1847-1922): Scottish inventor of the telephone
Thomas Edison (1847-1931): U.S. inventor of the incandescent lamp, phonograph
Johann Gutenberg (1398-1463): German inventor of the printing press
Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723): Dutch inventor of the microscope
Alfred Nobel (1833-1896): Swedish inventor of dynamite
Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) Wright: U.S. inventors of the airplane
Decide and Write Person 1:
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Person 2:
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Person 3:
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Person 4:
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Person 5:
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Person 6:
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Person 7:
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Person 8:
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Person 9:
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Person 10:
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Extend 1. What makes a great person? In other words, what characteristics do great people generally have in common?

2. Who is the most famous person in the history of your country? Would you like to be famous some day?

3. A well-known expression is that "Fame is fleeting." What does this mean? Why is it usually true?

4. Are there any people alive today who you think will be famous in 2000 years? If so, who?

5. If you could be one person in history, who would it be? Write a composition explaining your choice.
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